Ultimate guide to understand Japan`s Social Insurance - 3

by Yoneyama, 4 Oct 2021

This is the 3rd part of my Japan Social Insurance series, please read my 1st and 2nd part if you didn`t read the previous information yet.

 

Rules of Paid Holidays Stipulated by Labor Standards Law(労働基準法で定める有給休暇)

 

The following table summarizes the requirement of paid holidays stipulated by Labor Standards Law:

 

                                                            Required number of serving years and the number of paid holidays per year after the serving years

                                                                        0.5 year                        1.5       2.5       3.5       4.5       5.5       6.5 and longer

Regular employees                                     10 paid holidays           11        12        14        16        18        20

 

Part-timers

  Number of working            Number of working

  Days per week                         days per year

5 days or more           217 days or more                      10 paid holidays           11        12        14        16        18        20

4 days                         169 – 216 days                                        7                      8         9         10        12        13        15

3 days                         121 – 168                                                 5                     6         6           8          9         10        11

2 days                         73 – 120                                                   3                     4         4           5          6           6         7

1 day                          48 -  72                                                     1                     2         2           2          3           3         3

 

Employers are allowed to assign some of your paid holidays as company’s common holidays, while you and your employer should agree individually about when 5 days out of your paid holiday, if they are 10 days or more per year, should be spent beforehand.

 

Scheduled working hours(所定労働時間)and Statutory working hours(法定労働時間)

 

Your employer’s Rules of Employment (就業規則) describes the company’s scheduled working hours or starting time/ending time of the daily work as well as recess and lunch time.

Japan’s Labor Standards Law stipulates maximum statutory working hours as follows:

            Net daily working hours except for recess and lunch time         8 hours

            Net weekly working hours except for recess and lunch time      40 hours

 

If daily net working hours exceed 6 hours, the law requires employer to provide employees with a recess or lunch time of 45 minutes or longer. If daily net working hours exceed 8 hours, the law requires employer to provide a recess or lunch time of 1 hour or longer. The law also requires the employer to set at least one day off per week. If your company and its labor union or the representative of the employees reached an agreement of overtime work, which is called 36 kyotei (Article 36 of Labor Standards Law), your employer is allowed to order you for overtime work. 

 

Your employer, of course, has to pay for the extra hours.  If the extra hours are over and above the aforementioned statutory working hours, an hourly rate should be 125% or higher.  If your employer asks you to work on a statutory holiday (normally Sunday, but some companies define it as Saturday), the rate goes up to 135% or higher. Furthermore, if overtime work continues through the midnight that is defined by the law from 10 pm through 5 am in the following morning, the hourly rate has to go up to 150% or higher. If you happen to work in the midnight of a statutory holiday, its hourly rate is 160% or higher!